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Ebm7 Piano Chord

    Piano Diagram of Ebm7 in Root Position

    Ebm7 Chord - Root Position - Piano Diagram

    Ebm7 is a minor chord built on the key of Eb with an added minor 7th. It is formed by the notes Eb, Gb, Bb, and Db. In this article, we’ll explore the music theory underlying the Ebm7 chord, including its construction, common voicings, and its role in chord progressions.


    Structure of Ebm7


    Eb, Gb, Bb, Db


    R, m3, 5, m7


    Finger Position

    Left Hand

    5, 3, 2, 1

    5, 4, 2, 1

    Right Hand

    1, 2, 4, 5

    1, 2, 3, 4


    Ebm7 Chord Inversions


    The Ebm7 chord has a total of 3 inversions:

    Root Position: Eb Gb Bb Db
    1st Inversion: Gb Bb Db Eb
    2nd Inversion: Bb Db Eb Gb
    3rd Inversion: Db Eb Gb Bb

    Piano Keyboard Diagrams

    Ebm7 Chord Equivalencies

    Rearranging the notes of a chord can result in unique and interesting chord equivalencies. This is particularly true for 7th chords, where we can create a distinct type of chord by rearranging the notes of a minor 7th chord in a specific way.

    For instance, if we take the 1st inversion of a minor 7th chord, where the 3rd note becomes the root note, we end up with a major 6th chord (also known as an “add 6th” chord).

    Let’s consider the Ebm7 chord, which comprises the notes Eb, Gb, Bb, and Db. If we rearrange the notes such that Gb becomes the root note, we obtain a Gb6 chord with the notes Gb, Bb, Db, and Eb.

    1st Inversion of Ebm7 = Gb6

    The reason why the 1st inversion of a minor 7th chord results in a major 6th chord is due to the note relationships between the chords. When we move the 3rd note to become the root note, we end up with a chord that features a major 3rd, perfect 5th, and a major 6th interval.

    Music Theory and Harmony of Ebm7


    In music theory, m7 chords, also known as minor seventh chords, are commonly used and have a melancholic or introspective quality. They can be found in various genres such as jazz, blues, pop, and classical music. These chords add richness and tension to a musical piece and are often used as tonic, subdominant, or dominant chords.


    Building the Ebm7 Chord: Different Approaches

    When building a minor seventh (m7) chord, there are a few different approaches you can take. These approaches can be used interchangeably to construct m7 chords and provide different perspectives on building these chords:

    Starting from the Eb Major Scale

    Eb minor 7th is built by combining the Root, a minor 3rd, a 5th, and a minor 7th interval from a minor scale, however, for educational purposes, it may be clearer to demonstrate its construction using a major scale, as it better illustrates the relationship between intervals and their qualities.

    For example, to build an Ebm7 chord, you can start with the Eb Major scale, which consists of the notes Eb, F, G, Ab, Bb, C, and D.


    Eb Major Diatonic Scale

    Eb Major Scale


    Eb Major Diatonic Scale up to octave Keyless Notation

    Eb Major Scale – Keyless Notation


    To create an Ebm7 chord, apply the formula R, m3, 5, m7 in the following manner:

    1. Begin with the Root note, Eb.
    2. Select the 3rd interval, which is G then lower it down by a half-step to get the minor 3rd Gb.
    3. Include the 5th note, Bb.
    4. Finally, add the minor 7th interval, Db.

    By following this simple formula, you can create a minor 7th chord from any major scale.


    by Combining Intervals

    Another way to form a minor 7th chord is by combining specific intervals – a minor 3rd, a major 3rd, and another minor 3rd.

    m3 + 3 + m3 = minor 7th Chords

    If we observe the intervals between the notes, we can notice that Eb-Gb creates a minor 3rd interval, Gb-Bb forms a major 3rd interval, and Bb-Db is a minor 3rd interval. By stacking these three intervals together, we can build the Ebm7 chord.


    How to Use Eb min7 in a Chord Progression


    The Eb minor 7th chord can have various harmonic functions, depending on its context within a piece of music. Here you can see on what degrees it appears naturally:

    on Natural minor Scales

    Minor Scales i ii III iv v VI VII
    Eb Eb min7 Fm7b5 Gb Maj7 Ab min7 Bb min7 Cb Maj7 Db7
    Bb Bb min7 Cm7b5 Db Maj7 Eb min7 F min7 Gb Maj7 Ab7
    Ab Ab min7 Bbm7b5 Cb Maj7 Db min7 Eb min7 Fb Maj7 Gb7
    • Tonic chord in Eb minor
    • Subdominant chord in Bb minor
    • Dominant chord in Ab minor


    on Major Scales

    Major Scales I ii iii IV V vi vii
    Db Db Maj7 Eb min7 F min7 Gb Maj7 Ab7 Bb min7 Cm7b5
    Cb = B B Maj7 C# min7 D#m7 = Ebm7 E Maj7 F#7 G# min7 A#m7b5
    Gb Gb Maj7 Ab min7 Bb min7 Cb Maj7 Db7 Eb min7 Fm7b5
    • Supertonic chord in Db Major
    • Mediant chord in B Major as D#m7
    • Submediant chord in Gb Major


    Ebm7 Function in Major and Minor Keys

    Understanding Scale Degrees

    To understand the relationships between the notes in a scale and their functions within chords, it’s essential to know about scale degrees. The diatonic major scale is made up of seven degrees, each with its own unique role in creating the overall harmony of the scale.

    1. Starting with the first degree of the scale, known as the Tonic, this note serves as the anchor for the music. It establishes a stable tonal center that acts as the foundation for the scale.
    2. Moving on to the second degree, called the Supertonic, is often used as a transitional note between the Tonic and other notes in the scale. It creates a sense of motion within the melody or harmony.
    3. The third degree of the scale is the Mediant, which sits halfway between the Tonic and Dominant notes. It helps establish whether the scale is major or minor.
    4. The fourth degree, known as the Subdominant, is used to complement the Dominant and add tension and resolution to the music.
    5. The fifth degree is the Dominant, which creates tension and anticipation within the melody or harmony. This note is typically resolved by returning to the Tonic.
    6. The sixth degree, the Submediant, is often employed as a transitional note between the Dominant and Tonic, adding a sense of stability and restfulness to the music.
    7. Finally, the seventh degree is the Leading tone, located one half-step below the Tonic. It creates a strong sense of tension and a desire to resolve to the Tonic. This note is frequently used to create a sense of resolution and finality in the melody or harmony.


    Ebm7 as Tonic Chord in Eb Minor

    In the key of Eb minor, Ebm7 can serve as the Tonic chord. This means that it’s the chord that creates a sense of stability and resolution, acting as the starting point and tonal center of the scale.

    i ii III iv v VI VII
    Eb min7 Fm7b5 Gb Maj7 Ab min7 Bb min7 Cb Maj7 Db7


    Ebm7 Chord Progressions as i degree

    The following chord progressions are examples of how Eb minor 7th can serve as the tonic chord (i degree). I’ve added a possible voicing but it’s just a suggestion.

    i VI VII III
    i VI VII III
    Eb min7

    (Eb, Gb, Bb, Db)

    Cb Maj7

    (Eb, Gb, Bb, Cb)


    (Db, F, Ab, Cb)

    Gb Maj7

    (Db, F, Gb, Bb)


    Chromatic modulation
    i iΔ i7 i6
    Eb min

    (Eb, Gb, Bb, Eb)


    (Eb, Gb, Bb, D)

    Eb min7

    (Eb, Gb, Bb, Db)

    Eb min6

    (Eb, Gb, Bb, C)


    i iv VI VII
    i iv VI VII
    Eb min7

    (Eb, Gb, Bb, Db)

    Ab min7

    (Eb, Gb, Ab, C)

    Cb Maj7

    (Cb, Eb, Gb, Bb)


    (Cb, Db, F, Ab)


    Ebm7 as Subdominant Chord in Bb Minor

    Eb minor 7th can also appear as the subdominant chord (iv degree) in the key of Bb minor.

    i ii III iv v VI VII
    Bb min7 Cm7b5 Db Maj7 Eb min7 F min7 Gb Maj7 Ab7


    Ebm7 Chord Progressions as iv degree

    The following chord progressions feature an Ebm7 chord as the subdominant (iv degree):

    iv III VI VII
    iv III VI VII
    Eb min7 Db Maj7 Gb Maj7 Ab7


    i iv VI v
    i iv VI v
    Bb min7 Eb min7 Gb Maj7 F min7


    Ebm7 as Dominant Chord in Ab Minor

    In Ab minor, Ebm7 can be used as the dominant chord. As a dominant minor chord in a minor key, the Ebm7 creates a sense of tension and anticipation, leading to the resolution of the tonic chord, which in this case is Abm.

    i ii III iv v VI VII
    Ab min7 Bbm7b5 Cb Maj7 Db min7 Eb min7 Fb Maj7 Gb7


    Ebm7 as v degree – Chord Progressions

    If you want to hear how Eb minor 7th sounds as the dominant chord in Ab minor, try playing the following chord progressions:

    i iv VI v
    i iv VI v
    Ab min7 Db min7 Fb Maj7 Eb min7


    i v VI VII
    i v VI VII
    Ab min7 Eb min7 Fb Maj7 Gb7


    i VI v iv
    i VI v iv
    Ab min7 Fb Maj7 Eb min7 Db min7


    Ebm7 as Supertonic Chord in Db Major

    Although often associated with natural minor scales, Ebm7 can also be used in major keys. In the key of Db major, for example, Ebm7 functions as the supertonic chord, which is located on the second degree of the scale.

    In this context, Ebm7 creates a slightly tense and unresolved sound, adding a feeling of anticipation or expectation as it typically leads to the dominant or subdominant chords.

    I ii iii IV V vi vii
    Db Maj7 Eb min7 F min7 Gb Maj7 Ab7 Bb min7 Cm7b5


    Ebm7 Chord Progressions as ii degree

    Try playing the following chord progressions to better understand how the Ebm7 chord functions as the supertonic (ii) chord in the key of Db major.

    ii V I
    ii V I
    Eb min7 Ab7 Db Maj7


    I IV ii V iii vi ii V
    I IV ii V iii vi ii V
    Db Maj7 Gb Maj7 Eb min7 Ab7 F min7 Bb min7 Eb min7 Ab7


    Ebm7 as Mediant Chord in B Major

    Check D#m7 in B Major


    Ebm7 as Submediant Chord in Gb Major

    You can play an Ebm7 on the sixth degree of the Gb major scale where it functions as the submediant chord. The submediant chord usually brings a sense of relaxation and stability to a chord progression.

    I ii iii IV V vi vii
    Gb Maj7 Ab min7 Bb min7 Cb Maj7 Db7 Eb min7 Fm7b5


    Ebm7 as vi degree – Chord Progressions

    You can explore the sound of Ebm7 as the submediant chord in the key of Gb major by playing the following chord progressions:

    I iii vi V
    I iii vi V
    Gb Maj7 Bb min7 Eb min7 Db7


    I vi ii V
    I vi ii V
    Gb Maj7 Eb min7 Ab min7 Db7


    I IV ii V iii vi ii V
    I IV ii V iii vi ii V
    Gb Maj7 Cb Maj7 Ab min7 Db7 Bb min7 Eb min7 Ab min7 Db7


    Alternative Names for Ebm7 Chord

    • Eb-7
    • Mib -7
    • Mib m7
    • Ebm7th
    • Eb min7
    • Mib min7
    • Eb minor 7th
    • Eb minor seventh



    The chord progressions and examples presented in this post provide a comprehensive overview of the most common uses of the Ebmin7 chord. It’s important to note, however, that there are many advanced harmony-related topics that could not be included due to space constraints. These topics include chord progressions built on harmonic and melodic scales, modal scales, hidden tonality, secondary dominants and other chord substitutions, non-functional harmony and atonal music, modal interchange and borrowed chords, voice leading and counterpoint, chromatisms, jazz harmony…I mean, music theory is a huge topic!

    Although I couldn’t cover all of these topics in my post, I encourage readers to continue exploring these areas in their own study and research. By expanding your knowledge in these advanced areas of music theory, you can gain a deeper understanding of the harmonic possibilities that exist beyond the basics presented here.

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